The most common test used to diagnose osteoporosis is Dual X-ray Absorptiometry, also called DXA or DEXA scan. It measures people’s spine, hip, or total body bone mineral density (BMD) to help gauge fracture risk. This scan is performed in an outpatient basis by the radiology department.
Blood tests are also often required in conjunction with bone density scanning.
Although osteoporosis can be treated, prevention is better than cure. Preventative measures aim to stimulate bone formation and to reduce bone loss. There are four main areas in which you can help maintain healthy bones:
• Balanced diet: rich in calcium and dairy products
• Regular exercise, preferably weight-bearing
• Stop smoking
• Avoid excessive alcohol consumption